A hot oil unit is designed to circulate heated fluid into piping, tubing, casing, or tanks for a variety of reasons, including the removal of paraffin and tar-based oils.
- Fire or explosion hazard from contact with flammable liquids, vapors, or gases.
- Locate hot oil trucks and tanks a safe distance (100 feet is recommended) from the well and out of the fall line of the derrick, if it is on site. Where impractical, use additional safety measures.
- Position hot oil units upwind or crosswind from potential sources of flammable liquids, vapors, or gasses. Wind direction indicator should be present and visible to the operator.
- Shut down hot oiling operation immediately if a leak occurs.
- Make fire extinguishers readily accessible to the hot oil operator.
- Avoid parking over or placing lines containing flammable fluids under trucks or other vehicles.
- Install check valve in the pump line as close to the well head as possible.
- Inspect all components of the hot oil unit before each use.
- Shut the burner down if the wind dies.
- Shut the burner down and reposition equipment if the wind changes direction so as to create a hazard.
- Being burned by hot oil or hot oil line or frostbite injuries from contact with propane or propane lines.
- Wear proper personnel protective equipment such as heavy padded, insulated, leather gloves
Potential Hazards: Expert Review
- Unexpected release of pressure
- Do not connect heavy joints of pipe to the small nipples on the pumping T.
- Secure all hot oil and discharge lines.
- Connect the hot oil line directly to the flow line if pump pressure exceeds safe limits (500 psi).
- Remain clear of pressurized lines.